Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Fund Week 3 - Essay Example Financial specialists that are hazard disinclined will put a great deal of their assets in like manner stocks because of the way that basic stocks have a higher capability of value appreciation. Financial specialists that don't have any significant bearing the enhancement standard can lose a great deal of cash if the specific part of the market they put resources into goes down. It is never an astute thought for financial specialists to put every one of their eggs in a similar bin. Broadening guarantees that speculators spread their protections around various parts of the market. Supervisors can use the enhancement guideline to build their income position. An approach to utilize putting away to build incomes is by buying blue chip stocks that have a background marked by delivering profits each year. Another route for chiefs to improve the money position of an organization is by putting resources into securities that pay coupon installments and in favored stocks that deliver yearly profits. Firms may likewise improve their income position by selling business paper in the commercial center. The most widely recognized type of business paper is corporate securities. Ã¢â¬Å"The right expansion system can give you the best chances of enduring whatever monetary tempests may hit the market in the futureÃ¢â¬ (Caplinger, 2012). Caplinger, D. (2012). This Diversification Strategy Will Make Your Portfolio Safer. Recovered November 9, 2012 from
Saturday, August 22, 2020
In every single multicultural homeroom there are worries of social Justice for all understudies. One of the worries is that all understudies get a top notch training regardless of what their social remaining on the planet. I low pay and neediness stricken territories it is a worry that understudies won't get as great of instruction as would an understudy who goes to a school in a wealthier territory. This is a worry in light of the fact that the low salary schools may not get as much funding.Low subsidizing thusly can prompt understudies being instructed with outdated material and innovation. Another social Justice once in the study hall is for crippled or extraordinary requirements understudies. It was basic up until the as of late to send all understudies with physical and mental handicaps to a custom curriculum classes. Specialized curriculum classes separate the exceptional needs understudies from their nondurable friends and there was scarcely ever any colonization between the t wo. There are numerous understudies with incapacities that can learn in a standard or comprehensive classroom.Students with inabilities are frequently treated contrastingly and this influences the nature of their training. I accept all understudies ought to be educated with the best material and innovations accessible. Regardless of their race, sex, religion capacity, every understudy merits a top notch instruction. I figure we as a network must ensure this is conceivable regardless of whether it implies higher expenses or all the more raising money. We have to put our youngsters' future first before all things.Schools locale additionally need to test handicapped understudies to put them In the correct learning condition. This would permit all understudies to get the most ideal training for their expectation to absorb information. I for one intend to instruct In a low Income school area with the goal that I can do my part to help give those understudies a top notch training. I reali ze I won't be paid as much In this locale yet In the end I am not going Into instructing to fill my financial balance yet to fill youthful personalities with the abilities and Information to make them future leaders.I plan to use each asset accessible to improve material and innovations for the study hall. There are organizations will give assets to schools and instructors they feel merit them. I will work my hardest to give them that my school and I merit them. I will likewise ensure every one of my understudies realize that I think they are for the most part equivalent and that no understudy Is superior to another. I feel that In the ND Just as all men ought to be dealt with similarly, all understudies ought to be dealt with equally.Social Justice Ã¢â¬ Short Essay By miasmas network must ensure this is conceivable regardless of whether it implies higher expenses or locale likewise need to test incapacitated understudies to put them in the best possible learning their expectation to learn and adapt. I for one intend to instruct in a low salary school area so that be paid as much in this locale however at long last I am not going into educating to fill my financial balance yet to fill youthful personalities with the aptitudes and data to make them think they are for the most part equivalent and that no understudy is superior to another. I feel that in the
Tuesday, August 11, 2020
How to Plan a Socratic Seminar Head of Content and Curriculum, Julie, shares a step-by-step process for planning a Socratic Seminar. If you have always wanted to try one, but arenât sure how to get started, this post is for you. by Julie Mason Picture this: Desks are arranged in a circle. Students are seated, and engaged in a lively discussion of a text. You are observing silently from the back of the room. Students are building on each othersâ ideas, asking clarifying questions, and citing examples from the text to support their assertions. Itâs a beautiful picture, right? Socratic Seminars can be more than a teacherâs dream. They can become your reality. A Socratic Seminar isâ¦ A formal discussion where students are given open-ended questions to discuss in advance. Students take time to prepare notes and find evidence from the text to use in the discussion. The discussion is led and facilitated by students. During the discussion students listen actively, think critically, articulate their ideas and build on their classmatesâ ideas. Here are the steps for planning a Socratic Seminar. Planning Step #1: Choose The Text A Socratic Seminar is grounded in the discussion of a text. Because the seminar involves preparation, it is important that you select a text that students have either just finished reading or are in the process of reading. I often recommend that the first time you try a Socratic Seminar that you choose a series of passages or chapters, which makes preparation less time-consuming and daunting for students. Planning Step #2: Write The Open-Ended Questions Once your students are more comfortable with Socratic Seminars, you may provide them with the opportunity to write the questions themselves. However, when you are first beginning this process, I recommend that you write the questions students will discuss. These questions need to be open-ended and provocative so that they will result in a lively discussion. Planning Step # 3: Provide Students With Ample Time To Prepare Give the questions to your students in advance so that they have time to prepare for the seminar. Provide them with handouts or a process where they can gather notes and evidence from the text to support their responses to the questions. Planning Step #4: Break Down And Model The Process It is important to make the process transparent for students so they know what to expect. Walk them through how the Socratic Seminar will work, and answer any questions that they have. Some teachers do a practice seminar where they will jump in and guide the students through the process. Planning Step #5: Create A Rubric It is important that students know the criteria you are going to use to assess their preparation, participation, and engagement in the seminar. Create a rubric that you give to them when you hand out the questions so that the expectations are clear. Planning Tip #6: Learn The Best Practices You donât know what you donât know. While you will mostly be a silent observer, it is important that you create a structure for the seminar so that students can effectively facilitate it. Some teachers have an inner and outer circle. This is a best practice because it is challenging to hear from everyone or have a meaningful discussion if the group is too large. With this structure, the students in the inner circle are discussing, and the students in the outer circle are observing the discussion. After two questions, the circles swap. Some teachers will ask the outer circle to use the rubric and assess the inner circle to hold them accountable for active listening. Planning Tip #7: Be Open To Feedback and Changes It is likely that everything wonât go as planned the first time you try a Socratic Seminar. Ask students for feedback on their experience. You may get some great ideas about changes that you need to make. Know that it is ok to make changes as needed so the process is more effective and engaging for your students. Do you use Socratic Seminars in your classroom? Share with us on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest. Julie Mason is the Head of Content and Curriculum for TeacherVision. She brings expertise in blended and personalized learning, instructional coaching, and curriculum design to the role. She was a middle and high school English teacher for eight years and most recently taught at Dana Hall, an all-girls school in Wellesley, MA. She was a blended and personalized learning instructional coach for K-12 teachers at BetterLesson for two years, and she has presented at The National Principals Conference, ISTE, and ASCD where she shared her expertise on how instructional coaching builds teacher capacity in K-12 schools. She has extensive experience designing and facilitating professional development for teachers, and she oversees the TeacherVision advisory board.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
How to Find Winning Persuasive Speech Topic? Coming up with a good idea for a persuasive speech may seem like a piece of cake. However, when you get a real task to perform, you suddenly realize that either your mind is completely blank, or you can come up with something boring and silly. So, how to invent a topic that will be interesting and provide a good opportunity to exercise public speaking? These simple tips can help you: Keep the balance: choose an area you are truly interested in, but avoid the topics which may be too touchy. Sometimes try to express the opinion opposite to yours. Choose a controversial issue, but do not go too deeply in religious, ideological or political concerns. Make your topic up-to-date, locally oriented and important for the audience. Limit the issue by choosing a part of the problem. Here are some ideas which you may find interesting: Developed countries should not help developing ones financially. Free higher education cannot conform to the standards of the modern society. Modern art will possess no cultural value in one hundred years. The failure to achieve your aim means there was no real desire to succeed. Business success is a matter of luck and has nothing to do with professionalism. High academic results are not important for your future professional success. In order to ensure free college education for all, government must introduce an additional tax for large and medium size companies. Despite being strict, college admission procedures fail to guarantee the right people being chosen. Long-term unemployment benefits discourage people from looking for a job and stimulate the unemployment. School curriculum must place a greater emphasis on science than humanities, as humanitarian subjects are easier to master.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Janesha Pickens Ethics Dr. Eckman November 26, 2014 Ethics Portfolio Definition of Ethics: I would summarize the term ethics by saying that it is an absolute standard by which people live by. Ethics is this mentality or this inside voice that tells us what we should do versus what we actually do. Dr. Eckman states in Ã¢â¬Å"Christian EthicsÃ¢â¬ that the term ethics refers to a set of standards around which we organize our lives and from which we define our duties and obligations. Ethics is something we ought to do. In America we mix up the terms ethics and morality. Morality is what we actually do, and already do. In Matthew 22:33-40, it speaks about how as believers we should mirror those greatest commandments. We should love God with everything we have and love others. As believers we are called to set ourselves apart to become more ethical. Sometimes we are so caught up in what we want to do versus what we should do as Christians. Our actions should scream out that we are different and so our choice in how we respond to things should be different also. Believers are faced with ethical issues today such as: euthanasia, bioethics, human sexuality, and ethics of war, capital punishment, work, race, art, and the environment. Ethical Absolutes: One of the main challenges in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society is how we have come to create what we call Ã¢â¬Å"normsÃ¢â¬ . We have shifted and continue to shift the placement of standards and made them more modern to our human conditions. ItShow MoreRelatedEthics : Ethics And Morality1478 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEthics Paper In my organization, the ethical system used is egoism. Egoism exists in the normative realm of ethics and morality and explains what should be in an organization (WK 2, L1). This idea of should is used to express a distinct moral connotation (WK 2, L1), but this is where egoism complicates the concept of the normative domain. As was stated previously, within the normative sphere we find ethics and morality; and although many believe these terms to be interchangeable, they are actuallyRead MoreThe Ethics Of Ethics And Morality937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics is a concept, and is subjective that depends on the social conduct in which it is applied. Ethics has its basis in moral (Socrates) and duty (Kant), it is a different need for natural or mathematics, and it is like the freedom people need to live in society. All societies in all historical eras had and have been having their applications of ethics and morality. According Lawrence, (Lawrence Weber, 2014a) It labels that the not ions of right and wrong(ethics) usually comes from the environmentRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Morality1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesuniversal on ethics and morality. Ethics among different cultures is so vast, even though every culture does have a standard for ethics which they live by. Although ethics is a broad human universal, there is no specific universal ethic. Each world religion holds a different ethic as their highest ethic; it is always a case by case basis. Theory: Ethics serve as an adaptive function in modern environment, more than ever. As society evolves, the standard of ethics also increases. Ethics is a traitRead MoreEthics : Morality And Ethics1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesQuestion 1: Morality and Ethics: Shirley while was friendly and nice to the employees ultimately did not do them any good, by creating an environment where the employees the restaurants Ã¢â¬ËresourcesÃ¢â¬â¢ were not used properly thus causing production deviance. As soon as Kevin became the new manager, he put the employees on probation, in doing this, he creates a hostile environment violating the Principal of the religious injunction. He creates an environment that is not kind and does not promote a unityRead MoreEthics, Morality, And Morality2531 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesEthics and morality may initially seem to be interchangeable words used to describe a code of conduct that society should follow in order to make informed decisions. However, they are in fact two separate entities that exist as individual codes of conduct, yet share a symbiotic relationship in decision making. Ethics can be described as the rules of behavior and demeanor as established by society, a certain sociological group of people, or a religion. Consequently, due to the nature of ethics, theyRead MoreEthics and Morality3604 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesAbstract The paper delves into the topic of ethics and morality. It would try to understand the concept of ethics and morality and the difference between the two concepts. In the paper I would analyse what motivates human behaviour and choices and why those choices can never always be moral and ethical. I will analyse some ethical and moral theories that provide guidelines for ethical human behaviour and critically assess them with the aid of real life examples, to determine whether it is possibleRead MoreEthics And Morality And Ethics1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDictionary defines ethics as, Moral principles that govern a person s behavior or the conducting of an activity. We have talked many times in class over the basic premise of ethics especially in a business aspect. We see a lot of ethical issues within Wall Street, Insurance Companies, Financing firms, and of course there are a lot more. These are all issues on the business side mainly dealing with sales. We all know that sales people get a bad representation of themselves. Ethics go a lot fartherRead MoreEthics And Morality : Ethics1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEthics had the meaning of by showing the moral virtue or showing moral character. Ethics has some connection with rules; which if the behavior of human is well formed and cautiously controlled, it will result the human get approach into desirable way, even if the rules does not stated any things or what to do in particular scenario. There are claims about the equality between ethics and morals in way of definition and the objective but it is not. Actually, morals is a matter of discipline that tellingRead MoreThe Distinction Of Ethics And Morality1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Distinction Of Ethics And Morality: The use of the words ethics and morality are often confused with each other especially these are commonly used in Philosophy and other related fields. This paper will discuss the distinction between these two concepts. According to Gammel (2007), the difference between the terms morality and ethics has a very thin line particularly in the daily language. Adding to this confusion is that other philosophical resources and materials use the terms interchangeablyRead MoreEthics and Morality Essay1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEthics and Morality Is it immoral for a person to write lies on his/her resume? This question poses many questions in its self. How fictitious is the lie, what are you lying about, what could be the consequences of this lie and whom and how will this lie affect the people involved? How would John Stuart Mill answer this question? Mills general position seem to be that one should do what will produce the most happiness, pleasure and with the absence of pain. With this in mind for one to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Appendix G Week 2. Checkpoint Business Organizations Resources:| Resource: Ch. 2 of Introduction to Business| Task: | Write a 200- to 300-word description of a business scenario, either real or fictional, that depicts each of the following forms of business organization:| Joint Stock Company| As a Joint Stock Company I have Chosen The British East India Company. We will write a custom essay sample on Bus210 Appendix G or any similar topic only for you Order Now It was granted a royal charter in 1600 with the intention of securing trade with India for England by Elizabeth I. A Joint Stock company has two or more individuals own all the shares of a company. Shares of stock are given in return for each financial contribution and the shareholders are free to transfer their ownership at any time by selling their shares to other share holders. These are known as private companies and the shares are not open to public sale or trading. Any corporate losses have to be paid by the shareholders so there is unlimited liability. Encyclopedia Britannica)| Limited Liability Company| Basically a limited liability corporation means if the company goes belly up, the wealth, and possessions of the owners cannot be taken to repay any debts of the business, only assets in the name of the business can be used to pay off the debt. To my amazement I found that McDonalds is a Limited Liability Corporation. (McDonalds, LLC Corporate home)| Partnership| A partnership is just as it sounds two, or more, people own a business equally. They share all responsibility for the business between them. An example of a Partnership could be the original Johnson and Johnson Company. Now it is a LLC and sells stock, but originally it was a very small company started by 3 brothers in 1886 making surgical dressings. When originally started this was a partnership. (Johnson Johnson )| Sole Proprietorship| A sole proprietorship is a one man show. Owned, operated, and responsible for all debts by one person. This does not mean they might not have employees, but all the operations of the business are the responsibility of the owner. A good example of this that we might know of is The Dallas Cowboys. Jerry Jones owns the stadium, the team, and the contracts with the players, and all the rights to the team and the name including the cheerleadersÃ¢â¬â¢ name. (NFL 2011)| National Football League Dallas Cowboys. com Johnson and Johnson Corporation McDonalds USA Encyclopedia Britannica inc. copyright 2011 How to cite Bus210 Appendix G, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Anzam Pelt Project Voice to Values. Answer: Introduction Management ethics are the professional ethics that evaluates the ethical principles as well as moral and ethical problems that arise in the business environments (Goetsch Davis, 2014 p4). These ethics applies to all the aspects of the firm conduct and are usually relevant to the behaviors of persons and also the entire organization (Frederickson Ghere, 2013 p18). The ethics originate from the individuals, business statements or the legal system. The management ethics are the modern business standards, the set values and the norms that govern the various actions and behaviors of a person in the business organization (Mel, 2011 p23). The ethical issues range from the interaction of the profit-maximizing behavior with the non-economic concerns. Companies are committed to promoting the non-economic values under the ethics codes and the social responsibility charters. These ethical management issues lead to stories on the business gone badly or to do the right thing. In our case study, the simple moral question is Should Claire disclose Johns illness since it is a threat to the organization? Claire has to make various decisions that will determine how to deal with Johns case. These ethical dilemmas occur every day in the leadership and management of organizations. The management ethics are designed to enable the leaders and managers to apply comprehensive systems of management to their various work places about the social responsiveness of the organization. These standards of behavior guide the individual managers in doing their duties. Discussion My moral values that I would voice are responsibility, respect, fairness and honesty. I would voice these values on this case because these four are the pillars of ethical principles that should be upheld by all the managers and other leaders in each and every business organization. These values are much significant in professionalism and social responsibility to ensure fairness and equality. If I were Clare, I would enact these moral values through involving all the employees in decision making, organizing workshops to educate the bank employees on the importance of these moral values and leading by an example. The company and other employees should respect each other, be responsible for their actions and be fair to others, for instance helping John who has been a wonderful worker and colleague up to the day of his illness. The fact that the truth is still being hidden, this would render it difficult to voice these moral values and to urge the bank management as well as the other workers to accommodate Johns shortcoming since they do not know the cause of his behavio ur. Professional managers and leaders like Claire are not only concerned with the technical and financial expertise but also are sensitive to the moral dimensions of the people they are managing. This requires the capacity to come up with the best moral decisions and judgments and also the voice to enact the critical values in their workplace while ensuring the employees wellbeing as well as maintaining the performance of the organization. In their endeavors to support all these, one is faced with various emotional, cultural, institutional, cognitive and political disablers and enablers that influence their ability to voice their moral values. Claire holds the position of authority which makes her accountable for all the ethical conducts of the persons working at the bank who report to her. The manager has to monitor the behaviors of all the employees in accord with the set expectations of the organization of appropriate behavior and responds appropriately and quickly to reduce the adverse effects of the suspected ethical violations. Since managers are responsible for creating and implementing the changes that are required to the ethical codes and guidelines of their organization, Claire can accommodate Johns shortcomings. Emotional and Cognitive Enablers and Disablers John is having a mental problem as he is diagnosed with depression hence needs particular attention due to the vulnerability created by his compromised mental capability to understand the meaning of his diagnosis, treatment and also prognosis (Lynch, Hart Costa, 2014 p370). The emotional enablers in this scenario are that Claire is concerned with Johns wellbeing. She is compassionate and offers to listen to the problems that John has and tries to solve them (Adkins, 2011 p385). She even allows John to take regular breaks to sleep and also attend the counseling appointments. John is released from the normal teller duties so that he can only deal with specific issues so as not to overwhelm him. Claire is so protective of John since she believes that he has served the organization so well in the past and he deserves respect and help from the organization (May, Chan, Hodges Avolio, 2003 p250). The emotional disablers are that Claire lies to the colleagues that John is being redeployed for a unique project that is related to international banking which is against the management of ethics. This makes it impossible for Claire to voice the fact that John is sick and in need of help. Institutional and Political Enablers and Disablers The institutional and political enablers are that the organization is structured in such a way managers who are closer to the other employees is given mandate and powers to solve the problems of the staff below them (Shin, Sung, Choi Kim, 2015 p45). However, the institution is not much concerned with the wellbeing of the employees as we see Claire and John are reluctant on disclosing the illness to the colleagues and also the higher authority. Claire and John fear that the organization will fire John on learning his disease and the shortcomings of his condition despite him being a loyal and hardworking employee for many years. The organization will be going against the management of ethics if they fire John who has been a hardworking employee (Wild Zhou, 2011 p120). These disablers make it difficult for the duo to tell the authority the truth. Cultural Enablers and Disablers There are good business cultural practices that enable and encourages the employees to voice the moral values at the organization (Schein, 2010 Vol. 2 p34). The company culture allows strong relations that encourage the employees to interact at different levels as seen when Simon consults John on the issue of the international student. This shows that John has an opportunity of telling his colleagues about his illness and they could help him and be accommodative. However, the culture of the business may not be that accommodative since John fears that if the fellow employee knows about his illness, they will judge him and maybe avoid him and always question his judgment. The employees are not much concerned as they are not keen enough to know that the shortcomings of John may be a medical problem but rushes into concussions and contacts the higher authority. Claire Meeting with John What is at stake or risk for the key parties, including John and Claire? John is a danger of losing his job since he might be declared incompetent to hand the various duties assigned to him. This is because of change in behavior, lateness for work, struggling with routine tasks, lack of concentration and impaired decision making, lack of cooperation, anger, and frustrations. Claire risks being getting warnings from the authorities for showing favor and leniency towards John. What are the major arguments that John might raise against Claires advice? What reasons and rationalizations might he raise to justify keeping his illness confidential? John might state that if his illness becomes known, the other employees might think less of him and label him incompetent and will not seek his advice and opinion on various matters. John will also maintain that if the authorities knew about his illness, they would dismiss him. Therefore, he might insist to keep his illness confidential and claim that he is working on it since he is attending counseling sessions and taking medications and that he expects the situation to change soon. What are Claires most efficient and reasonable responses to Johns reasons and rationalizations? Claire should assure John that he has been a loyal and hardworking employee and the organization and the other workers will be able to support him and be lenient with him if they about his illness. How should she approach the topic with John and how should she conduct the meeting and what should she say to him? Since this is a difficult as well as a sensitive subject on mental illness, Claire should be careful on the words she uses not to upset or depress John further. She should use a friendly tone and try to build a mutual relationship so that John can open up. Claire should explain to John that he should not be ashamed of his illness since anyone can get sick. Scenario A Questions What is at stake or risk for the key parties? John risks losing his job as Charles might see his condition as a limitation on his performance. Claire also risks getting a warning for holding the information on Johns illness that has affected his output at the company What are the major arguments that Charles might raise against Claires arguments? What reasons and rationalizations might he raise to justify manage John out? Charles may state that John has a severe medical problem and he needs medical attention while not at the company since his performance is poor. He might also add that other stable persons can take up Johns responsibilities. What are Claires most persuasive responses to Charles reasons and rationalizations? Claire should explain that John has been receiving medications and his condition and performance are improving and that he needs to be given a little longer. She should explain to Charles that John has expertise and experience that is not easy to replace. What should she say to Charles? Clare should tell Charles that John has been loyal to the organization for many years hence the organization owes him tolerance and help. Scenario B Questions What is at stake or risk for the key parties? Claire risks being demoted or worse still losing her job for lying. John also might not improve and could also be dismissed. What are the main arguments that Charles might raise against Claires arguments? What reasons and rationalizations might they raise to justify manage John out? Charles might say that much time has been given to John and continued tolerance to his behavior will affect the bank negatively since his performance is worsening each day. What are Claires most reasonable and persuasive responses to Charles reasons and rationalizations? Claire should defend John by saying that medications need time to take effect as well as the counseling therapy and that she will supervise John to ensure his illness does not negatively affect the company. What should she say to Charles? Clare should tell Charles that the bank owes John tolerance in return for his service to the bank for many years and that illness can befall anyone hence the organization needs to support John References Adkins, C.P., 2011. A pathway for educating moral intuition: Experiential learning within the giving voice to values curriculum. Journal of Business Ethics Education, 8(1), pp.383-391. Carroll, A. and Buchholtz, A., 2014. Business and society: Ethics, sustainability, and stakeholder management. Nelson Education. Frederickson, H.G. and Ghere, R.K., 2013. Ethics in public management. ME Sharpe. Goetsch, D.L. and Davis, S.B., 2014. Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson. Lynch, S., Hart, B. and Costa, C.M., 2014. Giving Voice to Values: An undergraduate nursing curriculum project. Collegian, 21(4), pp.367-373. May, D.R., Chan, A.Y., Hodges, T.D. and Avolio, B.J., 2003. Developing the moral component of authentic leadership. Organizational dynamics, 32(3), pp.247-260. Mel, D., 2011. Management ethics: Placing ethics at the core of good management. Palgrave Macmillan. Moon, J., Gond, J.P., Grubnic, S. and Herzig, C., 2011. Management control for sustainability strategy. CIMA Research Executive Summary Series, 7(12), pp.1-20. Schein, E.H., 2010. Organizational culture and leadership (Vol. 2). John Wiley Sons. Shapiro, J.P. and Stefkovich, J.A., 2016. Ethical leadership and decision making in education: Applying theoretical perspectives to complex dilemmas. Routledge. Shin, Y., Sung, S.Y., Choi, J.N. and Kim, M.S., 2015. Top management ethical leadership and firm performance: Mediating role of ethical and procedural justice climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 129(1), pp.43-57. Trevio, L.K., Hartman, L.P. and Brown, M., 2000. Moral person and moral manager: How executives develop a reputation for ethical leadership. California management review, 42(4), pp.128-142. Wild, N. and Zhou, L., 2011. Ethical procurement strategies for international aid non-government organisations. Supply chain management: an international journal, 16(2), pp.110-127.